• Old Yeller Vocabulary Words for the Week of February 19, 2018

    1. roost: a perch on which birds or bats rest or sleep

    2. shabby: showing signs of wear and tear

    3. flinch: draw back, as with fear or pain

    4. foul: highly offensive; arousing aversion or disgust

    5. maul: injure badly

    6. mournful: expressing sorrow

    7. hilt: the handle of a sword or dagger

    8. knoll: a small natural hill

    9. frazzle: exhaust physically or emotionally

    10. fretful: nervous and unable to relax



    Vocabulary Words for the Week of February 12, 2018

    **This week's vocabulary words are coming from the novel, Old Yeller.

    1. solemn: dignified and somber in manner or character

    2. shudder: tremble convulsively, as from fear or excitement

    3. sumptuous: rich and superior in quality

    4. tallow: a hard substance used for making soap and candles

    5. roan: having a brownish coat thickly sprinkled with white or grey

    6. hideous: grossly offensive to decency or morality; causing horror

    7. heave: lift or elevate

    8. venison: meat from a deer used as food

    9. writhing: moving in a twisting or snake-like or wormlike fashion

    10. stench: a distinctive odor that is offensively unpleasant




    Vocabulary Words for the Week of February 5, 2018

    1. conflict:  struggle faced by the main character in a story

    2. exposition:  provides important background information and introduces the setting and characters

    3. rising action:  events occur that make the story’s conflict more complicated

    4. climax:  most exciting part of a story

    5. falling action:  follows the climax and eases the tension of the story

    6. resolution:  reveals how the story’s problem or conflict gets solved

    7. character traits:  all the aspects of a person's behavior and attitude that make up that person's personality

    1. explain: to give the reason for or cause of

    2. analyze: breakdown into components

    3. describe: to tell or depict in written or spoken words


    Vocabulary Words for the Week of January 29, 2018

    Items 1-9 are coming from the novel, Old Yeller.

    1. chaparral: thorny shrubs and small trees

    2. lunging: moving forward suddenly

    3. nub: a small piece

    4. poultice: a medical dressing consisting of a soft heated mass of meal or clay that is spread on a cloth and applied to the skin to treat inflamed areas or improve circulation

    5. romping: playing in a rough, boisterous way

    6. rowdy: rough and disorderly

    7. slung: thrown, cast, or hurled

    8. speckled: spotted; freckled; dotted

    9. squalling: screaming or crying loudly

    10. annotate: to make notes as you read to aid and increase comprehension

    11. draw conclusions: make a judgement or arrive at a belief based on evidence, experience, and reasoning

    12. evaluate: to examine something carefully and to judge its value or worth



    Vocabulary Words for the Week of January 22, 2018

    1. rhyme: the repetition of sounds at the end of words

    2. end rhyme: rhyming words come at the end of lines

    3. rhyme scheme: a pattern of end rhymes in a poem

    4. meter: a regular, repeated pattern of rhythm

    5. symbol: a person, a place, an object, or an activity that stands for something beyond itself

    6. theme: the message about life or human nature that the author wants to share

    7. speaker: In poetry the speaker is the voice that “talks” to the reader similar to the narrator in fiction.  The speaker is not necessarily the poet.

    8. narrative poetry: poetry that tells a story, often describing a particular event

    9. foreshadowing: a technique in which a writer provides a hint that suggests future events.

    10. refrain: one or more lines repeated in each stanza of a poem.

    11. tone: the attitude of the speaker or narrator

    12. mood: the feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader

    13. rhythm: the musical quality created by the alternation of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry.  Poets use rhythm to emphasize ideas and to create moods



    Vocabulary Words for the Week of January 15, 2018

    1. bi: both

    2. ultra: beyond

    3. ethno: race; culture

    4. lumen/luc/lum: light

    5. magna: large

    6. miss/mitt: send

    7. reg: king

    8. tend/tens/tenu: stretch

    9. viv/vict: live

    10. duct: lead

    11. cycle: circle

    12. arch: rule

    13. tempo: time

    14. hydr: water

    15. graph: write

    16. geo: earth

    17. phone: sound, voice

    18. auto: self, same

    19. ism: an action or characteristic

    20. anti: opposite or against







    Vocabulary Words for the Week of January 8, 2018

    1. Figurative Language: words are used in an imaginative way to express ideas that are not literally true
    2. Simile: a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things using the words like or as
    3. Hyperbole: exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally
    4. Alliteration: the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
    5. Metaphor: a comparison of two things that are basically unlike but have some qualities in common
    6. **Personification: the giving of human qualities to an animal, object, or idea
    7. Onomatopoeia: the use of sound words  (Ex.  Pop! Swoosh! Zap!)  
    8. Oxymoron: a short phrase that combines two normally contradictory terms (Ex.  “That building is a little bit big and pretty ugly.”)
    9. **Irony: a contrast between what is expected and what actually exists or happens.  Exaggeration and sarcasm are techniques writers use to express irony.
    10. **Imagery: consist of words and phrases that appeal to a reader’s five senses; Writers use sensory details to help the reader imagine how things look, feel, smell, sound, and taste.
    11. **Emotional Appeal: a message that creates strong feelings in order to make a point
    12. **Claim: a writer’s position on an issue or problem
    13. **Synonym: a word having the same or nearly the same meaning as another in the language (Ex.  happy, joyful, elated)
    14. **Context Clues: the words or phrases surrounding the word that provide hints about the word’s meaning
    15. **Anecdote: a short account of an event that is usually intended to entertain or make a point
    16. **Counterargument: an argument made to oppose another argument

    ** = Benchmark Terms